Facial feminization surgery (FFS) is a complex procedure that can involve multiple surgeries, depending on the individual’s needs. As a result, the type of anesthesia used during FFS will vary depending on the specific procedures being performed. However, general anesthesia is the most common type of anesthesia used for FFS.

General anesthesia is a state of unconsciousness that is induced by a combination of medications. These medications work to block pain, relax muscles, and suppress the central nervous system. General anesthesia is typically administered through an IV line, but it can also be delivered through a breathing mask or an endotracheal tube.

In some cases, FFS may be performed under local anesthesia with intravenous sedation. This means that the area of the body being operated on is numbed with local anesthetic, while the patient is also given sedatives to help them relax and feel sleepy. Local anesthesia with intravenous sedation is typically used for less invasive FFS procedures, such as lip lift or rhinoplasty.

The decision of which type of anesthesia to use for FFS will be made by the patient’s surgeon and anesthesiologist. They will consider the patient’s medical history, the specific procedures being performed, and the patient’s individual preferences.

Here are some of the benefits of using general anesthesia for FFS:

  • It provides complete pain relief during the surgery.
  • It allows the surgeon to have more control over the patient’s vital signs.
  • It can help to reduce the risk of complications.

However, there are also some risks associated with general anesthesia, such as:

  • Allergic reactions to the medications.
  • Breathing problems.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Headache.
  • Memory problems.

The risks of general anesthesia are generally low, but they are important to discuss with your surgeon and anesthesiologist before the surgery.

If you are considering FFS, it is important to talk to your surgeon about the different types of anesthesia that are available. They will be able to help you decide which type of anesthesia is right for you.

Facial Feminization Surgery (FFS) is a complex and comprehensive set of surgical procedures that may involve multiple interventions. The type of anesthesia used during FFS can vary depending on the specific procedures being performed, the surgeon’s preference, and the patient’s medical history and preferences.

The two primary types of anesthesia used in FFS are:

  1. General Anesthesia: General anesthesia is the most common type of anesthesia used for FFS. With general anesthesia, the patient is completely unconscious and unaware during the surgery. It allows for a pain-free experience and enables the surgeon to perform extensive procedures. A qualified anesthesiologist administers and monitors the anesthesia throughout the surgery, ensuring the patient’s safety and comfort.
  2. IV Sedation with Local Anesthesia: In some cases, especially for less extensive or minor FFS procedures, IV sedation with local anesthesia may be used. With this approach, the patient is given intravenous sedation to induce a state of deep relaxation and drowsiness while the surgeon administers local anesthesia to numb the specific areas being treated. While the patient may be somewhat conscious, they are typically not aware of the procedure and experience minimal discomfort.

The choice of anesthesia will be determined based on the complexity and duration of the procedures, the patient’s medical history and health status, and the surgeon’s preferences and expertise.

During the pre-operative consultation, the anesthesia plan will be discussed with the patient, and the anesthesiologist will evaluate the patient’s medical history to ensure that the selected anesthesia method is safe and appropriate for the individual.

Regardless of the type of anesthesia used, FFS is performed in a controlled and safe surgical environment by a skilled surgical team, including the surgeon and anesthesiologist, to ensure the patient’s comfort and well-being throughout the procedure.