Gender reassignment surgery, also known as sex reassignment surgery (SRS) or gender confirmation surgery (GCS), is a surgical procedure that alters physical characteristics of the body, primarily the genitalia and secondary sex characteristics, in order to bring one’s physical appearance into alignment with one’s gender identity.
The specific procedures involved in gender reassignment surgery vary depending on the individual’s gender identity and desired outcome. Some common procedures include:
⦁ Top surgery for transgender men, which involves removing breast tissue and creating a more masculine chest.
⦁ Bottom surgery for transgender women, which involves creating a vagina and a clitoris.
⦁ Bottom surgery for transgender men, which involves creating a penis and a scrotum.
⦁ Facial feminization surgery for transgender women, which involves altering facial features to appear more feminine.
⦁ Facial masculinization surgery for transgender men, which involves altering facial features to appear more masculine.
In addition to these surgical procedures, some transgender people may also choose to undergo hormone therapy, which can help to feminize or masculinize the body.
The process of getting gender reassignment surgery can vary depending on the individual’s insurance coverage and the availability of surgeons in their area. In general, however, the process typically involves the following steps:
⦁ Consulting with a mental health professional to receive a diagnosis of gender dysphoria.
⦁ Living as the gender with which you identify for a period of time (often at least one year).
⦁ Starting hormone therapy (if desired).
⦁ Meeting with a surgeon to discuss your options and make a plan for surgery.
⦁ Undergoing surgery.
⦁ Recovery from surgery, which can take several weeks or months.
Gender reassignment surgery is a major decision that should not be taken lightly. It is important to carefully research your options and talk to a qualified healthcare provider before making a decision.
Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:
⦁ The World Professional Association for Transgender Health: https://www.wpath.org/
⦁ The American Society of Plastic Surgeons: https://www.plasticsurgery.org/
⦁ The Trevor Project: https://www.thetrevorproject.org/
Gender reassignment, also known as gender confirmation or gender-affirming surgery, is a surgical procedure that aims to align an individual’s physical characteristics with their gender identity. The specific procedures chosen can vary based on the individual’s assigned sex at birth, their gender identity, and their desired goals. Here is a general overview of the procedures involved in male-to-female (MTF) and female-to-male (FTM) gender reassignment:
Male-to-Female (MTF) Gender Reassignment:
⦁ Hormone Therapy: Prior to surgery, many MTF individuals undergo hormone therapy to induce feminizing changes. This typically involves taking estrogen and anti-androgen medications to develop more feminine physical characteristics.
⦁ Facial Feminization Surgery (FFS): Some MTF individuals opt for facial feminization surgery to alter facial features and achieve a more feminine appearance. This may involve procedures such as forehead contouring, rhinoplasty, jaw reduction, or chin reshaping.
⦁ Voice Feminization: Voice training or surgery may be pursued to help achieve a more feminine voice.
⦁ Breast Augmentation: MTF individuals may undergo breast augmentation surgery to enhance the size and shape of their breasts. This involves the placement of breast implants.
⦁ Orchiectomy: Some individuals choose to have an orchiectomy, which is the surgical removal of the testicles. This procedure reduces testosterone production and may be performed before or in conjunction with vaginoplasty.
⦁ Vaginoplasty: Vaginoplasty is a surgical procedure to create a neovagina. The most common technique is penile inversion, in which the penile skin is used to construct the vaginal canal. The glans of the penis may be used to create a clitoral hood and clitoral structure.
Female-to-Male (FTM) Gender Reassignment:
⦁ Hormone Therapy: FTM individuals typically undergo hormone therapy, which involves taking testosterone to induce masculinizing changes such as facial hair growth, deepening of the voice, and muscle development.
⦁ Chest Masculinization Surgery (Top Surgery): FTM individuals may undergo chest masculinization surgery to remove breast tissue and create a more masculine chest contour. This can involve procedures such as bilateral mastectomy or breast reduction.
⦁ Hysterectomy and Oophorectomy: Some FTM individuals choose to have a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) and oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries) to alleviate gender dysphoria and eliminate the need for menstruation.
⦁ Metoidioplasty: Metoidioplasty is a surgical procedure that releases the clitoral ligaments to enhance the visibility and functionality of the enlarged clitoris resulting from hormone therapy. It may also involve urethral lengthening to allow for standing urination.
⦁ Phalloplasty: Phalloplasty is a complex surgical procedure that constructs a neophallus (new penis). Various techniques can be used, including using donor tissue, grafts, or implants. Phalloplasty is typically performed in multiple stages.
⦁ Scrotoplasty: Scrotoplasty involves creating a scrotum using existing tissue or grafts. This can be done in conjunction with metoidioplasty or phalloplasty to provide a more complete male genital appearance.
It is important to note that these procedures have different considerations, potential risks, and recovery times. The decision to undergo gender reassignment surgery is highly personal, and individuals should consult with qualified healthcare professionals experienced in transgender healthcare to discuss their goals, options, and any potential complications. The procedures can vary depending on the individual’s specific circumstances and healthcare provider recommendations.