Facial feminization surgery (FFS) is a set of surgical procedures that alter typically male facial features to bring them closer in shape and size to typical female facial features. FFS can include various bony and soft tissue procedures such as brow lift, rhinoplasty, cheek implantation, and lip augmentation.

Faces contain secondary sex characteristics that make male and female faces readily distinguishable, including the shape of the forehead, nose, lips, cheeks, chin, and jawline; the features in the upper third of the face seem to be the most important, and subtle changes in the lips can have a strong effect.

FFS is typically performed on transgender women, but it can also be performed on cisgender women who are unhappy with their facial features. The goal of FFS is to help the person achieve a more feminine appearance that is in line with their gender identity.

FFS is a complex and individualized procedure, and the specific procedures that are performed will vary depending on the individual’s needs and goals. However, some of the most common FFS procedures include:

  • Brow lift: This procedure raises the eyebrows and arches them, giving the face a more feminine appearance.
  • Rhinoplasty: This procedure reshapes the nose to make it smaller and more feminine.
  • Cheek augmentation: This procedure adds volume to the cheeks, giving the face a more feminine shape.
  • Lip augmentation: This procedure adds volume to the lips, making them fuller and more feminine.
  • Jawline contouring: This procedure reshapes the jawline to make it more feminine.
  • Adam’s apple reduction: This procedure reduces the size of the Adam’s apple, making it less visible.

FFS is a major surgery, and it is important to do your research and to find a qualified surgeon who is experienced in performing these procedures. You should also be aware of the risks and complications associated with FFS, such as bleeding, infection, and scarring.

The cost of FFS varies depending on the specific procedures that are performed, the surgeon’s fees, and the location of the surgery. In the United States, the average cost of FFS is approximately $50,000.

If you are considering FFS, it is important to talk to your doctor and to do your research to make sure that this is the right decision for you.



  1. wikipedia.org/wiki/Facial feminization surgery

Facial feminization surgery (FFS) is a set of surgical procedures that are designed to alter the facial features of an individual assigned male at birth (AMAB) to create a more feminine appearance. This type of surgery is commonly sought by transgender women or individuals who desire a more feminine facial aesthetic.

Facial feminization surgery typically involves a combination of surgical techniques tailored to the individual’s specific needs and desired results. The procedures can include:

  1. Hairline advancement: Moving the hairline forward to create a more feminine hairline shape and reduce the appearance of a prominent forehead.
  2. Brow bone reduction: Shaving or reshaping the brow bone to create a smoother and more feminine brow contour.
  3. Rhinoplasty: Altering the shape and size of the nose to create a more feminine profile.
  4. Chin and jaw contouring: Modifying the chin and jawline through procedures such as genioplasty (chin surgery) or jaw reduction to create a softer and more feminine appearance.
  5. Lip augmentation: Enhancing the lips to create a fuller and more feminine lip shape.
  6. Cheek augmentation: Adding volume to the cheeks to create a more defined and feminine cheek contour.
  7. Tracheal shave: Reducing the prominence of the Adam’s apple by shaving down the thyroid cartilage.

These are just a few examples of the procedures that can be included in facial feminization surgery. The specific procedures performed will depend on the individual’s unique facial features, goals, and surgeon’s recommendations.

Facial feminization surgery requires a highly skilled and experienced surgeon who specializes in transgender healthcare. It is important to have thorough consultations, discuss expectations, and understand the potential risks and benefits of the procedures before proceeding with surgery.