Transgender surgery for female to male (FTM) can involve a variety of procedures, depending on the individual’s needs and goals.

Some of the most common procedures include:
⦁ Subcutaneous mastectomy: This procedure removes the breast tissue and nipple. The incisions are made around the areola, so the scars are usually not visible.
⦁ Hysterectomy: This procedure removes the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is often done in conjunction with other procedures, such as subcutaneous mastectomy.
⦁ Vaginectomy: This procedure removes the vagina. It is usually done in conjunction with other procedures, such as subcutaneous mastectomy and hysterectomy.
⦁ Metoidioplasty: This procedure creates a penis from the clitoris and surrounding tissue. It does not involve the use of implants or grafts.
⦁ Phalloplasty: This procedure creates a penis from skin and tissue from another part of the body, such as the arm or leg. It may involve the use of implants or grafts.
The specific procedures that are performed will be determined by the individual’s surgeon and their individual needs and goals.

In addition to the surgical procedures, there are also a number of non-surgical procedures that can be used to masculinize the body, such as:
⦁ Hormone therapy: Testosterone therapy can help to masculinize the body by causing the growth of facial and body hair, deepening the voice, and increasing muscle mass.
⦁ Voice therapy: Voice therapy can help to masculinize the voice by teaching the individual how to use their vocal cords in a more masculine way.
⦁ Body contouring: Body contouring procedures, such as liposuction, can be used to remove unwanted fat from the body and create a more masculine physique.
The decision to undergo transgender surgery is a personal one. There are many factors to consider, such as the individual’s individual needs and goals, their financial situation, and their access to healthcare. If you are considering transgender surgery, it is important to talk to your doctor and a qualified surgeon to learn more about the different options available to you.

Here are some resources that can help you learn more about transgender surgery for FTM:
⦁ World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH):
⦁ The Trevor Project:

Female-to-male (FTM) transgender surgery, also known as gender confirmation surgery or gender-affirming surgery, involves a series of procedures that help align a person’s physical appearance with their gender identity. The specific procedures chosen may vary based on individual goals, preferences, and medical considerations.

Here are some common surgeries involved in FTM transgender surgery:
⦁ Chest Masculinization Surgery (Top Surgery): This procedure involves the removal of breast tissue to create a more masculine chest contour. The most common techniques used are double incision with nipple grafts, periareolar, or keyhole, depending on the size of the breasts and desired outcomes.
⦁ Genital Reconstruction Surgery (Phalloplasty or Metoidioplasty): These procedures involve creating a neophallus (new penis) using either existing genital tissue or tissue grafts from other parts of the body. Phalloplasty typically involves multiple stages and may involve the use of donor tissue or implants to enhance the size and functionality of the neophallus. Metoidioplasty involves releasing and enhancing the clitoral tissue to create a small phallus that can achieve erections.
⦁ Hysterectomy and Oophorectomy: These procedures involve the removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) and ovaries (oophorectomy) to eliminate menstruation and the production of female hormones.

It is important to note that not all transgender individuals pursue or are eligible for surgical interventions. Hormone therapy, which involves the administration of testosterone, is often a crucial part of the transition process for FTM individuals. Additionally, other non-surgical procedures such as voice therapy, facial hair removal, and body contouring may be part of the overall transition process.

Each individual’s journey is unique, and the specific surgeries chosen depend on personal goals, preferences, and medical considerations. It is essential to consult with experienced healthcare professionals who specialize in transgender healthcare to discuss available options, potential risks, and expected outcomes. They can guide you through the process and help you make informed decisions about your transition journey.