As with any surgery, there are some potential risks and complications associated with scrotoplasty. These risks include:

  • Infection: This is the most common risk associated with any surgery. Infection can occur at the incision site or in the scrotum itself.
  • Bleeding: Bleeding can occur during or after surgery. If bleeding is severe, it may require additional surgery to stop the bleeding.
  • Nerve damage: Nerve damage can occur during surgery, which can lead to numbness or tingling in the scrotum. In rare cases, nerve damage can cause permanent numbness or weakness in the scrotum.
  • Scarring: Scarring is a normal part of the healing process after surgery. However, some people may experience excessive scarring or keloid formation.
  • Uneven scrotum: In some cases, the scrotum may not be evenly shaped after surgery. This can be due to factors such as the amount of tissue available or the surgeon’s technique.
  • Inability to have penetrative sex: In rare cases, scrotoplasty may make it difficult or impossible to have penetrative sex. This is usually due to the formation of scar tissue that can restrict the movement of the penis.

It is important to discuss the potential risks and complications of scrotoplasty with your surgeon before surgery. By understanding the risks, you can make an informed decision about whether or not scrotoplasty is right for you.

Here are some tips to help reduce the risk of complications after scrotoplasty:

  • Choose a qualified surgeon with experience in performing scrotoplasty.
  • Follow your surgeon’s instructions carefully.
  • Take your medications as prescribed.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.

Like any surgical procedure, scrotoplasty carries potential risks and complications. While these risks are generally rare, it’s important to be aware of them and discuss them with your surgeon during the consultation. Some potential risks and complications of scrotoplasty include:

1. Bleeding and Hematoma: Excessive bleeding during or after surgery can occur, leading to the formation of a hematoma (a collection of blood). Additional surgical intervention may be required to address this complication.

2. Infection: Infection at the surgical site is possible, though it can typically be managed with antibiotics. Following proper wound care and hygiene instructions is important to minimize the risk of infection.

3. Delayed Wound Healing: In some cases, the surgical incisions may take longer to heal. Factors such as poor blood supply, excessive tension on the incisions, or individual healing abilities can contribute to delayed wound healing. Additional treatments or interventions may be necessary to facilitate proper healing.

4. Scarring: Scarring is a normal part of the healing process. While surgeons aim to minimize visible scarring, it can vary depending on individual healing and the specific surgical techniques employed.

5. Skin or Tissue Necrosis: In rare instances, a portion of the scrotal tissue or surrounding skin may experience reduced blood supply, leading to tissue necrosis (cell death). Additional surgical intervention may be necessary to address this complication.

6. Sensation Changes: Scrotoplasty may result in changes in sensation, including increased or decreased sensitivity in the genital area. Sensation changes may occur temporarily or persistently.

7. Implant-Related Complications: If testicular implants are used, complications specific to the implants may arise. These can include implant displacement, rupture, or infection. In some cases, revision surgery may be required to address these issues.

8. Psychological and Emotional Considerations: It’s important to recognize that scrotoplasty, like any gender-affirming surgery, can have psychological and emotional impacts. While many individuals experience improved well-being and satisfaction, it’s essential to have appropriate support systems in place to address any emotional challenges that may arise during the recovery process.

It’s important to discuss these potential risks and complications with your surgeon, as they can provide you with a more personalized assessment of the risks specific to your case. They can also provide guidance on how to minimize these risks and monitor your recovery effectively. By following your surgeon’s pre- and post-operative instructions and attending scheduled follow-up appointments, you can help mitigate potential complications and ensure a smoother recovery.