As with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications associated with FTM top surgery. These risks can vary depending on the individual patient and the specific procedure performed. However, some of the most common risks include:

  • Bleeding: Bleeding is a common risk with any surgery. It is usually minor and can be easily controlled. However, in rare cases, bleeding can be severe and may require additional surgery.
  • Infection: Infection is another common risk with surgery. It can occur at the incision sites or in the chest cavity. Infections are usually treated with antibiotics, but in rare cases, they can be serious and may require hospitalization.
  • Seroma: Seroma is a collection of fluid that can form at the incision sites. It is usually harmless and will resolve on its own. However, in some cases, seromas can be large and may require drainage.
  • Nerve damage: Nerve damage is a rare but serious risk of FTM top surgery. It can occur during surgery or during the healing process. Nerve damage can cause numbness, tingling, or weakness in the chest area. In some cases, nerve damage may be permanent.
  • Loss of nipple sensation: Loss of nipple sensation is another rare but serious risk of FTM top surgery. It can occur during surgery or during the healing process. Loss of nipple sensation can be permanent.
  • Scarring: Scarring is a normal part of the healing process after surgery. However, the amount and appearance of scarring can vary from person to person. In some cases, scarring may be noticeable.

It is important to discuss the potential risks and complications of FTM top surgery with your surgeon before making a decision about whether or not to have the surgery. Your surgeon can help you understand the risks and make sure that you are aware of all of the potential outcomes.

Here are some additional things to consider when weighing the risks and benefits of FTM top surgery:

  • Your overall health: If you have any underlying health conditions, these may increase your risk of complications.
  • Your expectations: It is important to have realistic expectations about what FTM top surgery can achieve. The surgery can help to create a more masculine chest, but it cannot completely change the shape of the chest or make it look like a cis man’s chest.
  • Your support system: It is important to have a strong support system in place after surgery. This will help you to cope with the physical and emotional challenges of recovery.

Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to have FTM top surgery is a personal one. There is no right or wrong answer, and what is right for one person may not be right for another. It is important to talk to your surgeon and a therapist or counselor to get the information you need to make the best decision for yourself.

Like any surgical procedure, FTM top surgery carries potential risks and complications, although they are generally rare. It’s crucial to be aware of these potential risks and discuss them with your surgeon before undergoing the procedure. Some of the possible risks and complications include:

  1. Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during or after surgery is a rare but potential complication. Surgeons take precautions to minimize bleeding during the procedure, and post-operative monitoring helps detect and address any bleeding that may occur.
  2. Infection: Infections can occur at the surgical site. Surgeons take precautions such as sterile techniques and antibiotics to minimize the risk. However, if an infection does occur, it may require treatment with antibiotics or, in rare cases, additional surgical intervention.
  3. Hematoma or Seroma: A hematoma is a collection of blood, while a seroma is a collection of fluid. These can occur in the surgical site and may require drainage or additional procedures to resolve.
  4. Poor Wound Healing: In some cases, wounds may heal poorly, leading to delayed healing, widened or hypertrophic scars, or skin necrosis. Following post-operative instructions, maintaining proper wound care, and attending follow-up appointments can help reduce the risk of poor wound healing.
  5. Nipple or Areolar Complications: Nipple and areolar complications may include changes in sensation, uneven nipple height or position, loss of nipple graft, or delayed healing of the nipple-areola complex. These complications are relatively rare but can occur.
  6. Unsatisfactory Aesthetic Outcome: Although efforts are made to achieve desired results, individual variations in healing and scarring may lead to an outcome that is different from the expected aesthetic appearance. Revision surgery may be necessary in some cases to address any concerns or further refine the results.
  7. Anesthesia-related Risks: General anesthesia carries its own set of risks, such as allergic reactions, respiratory complications, or adverse reactions to medications. An anesthesiologist will carefully monitor you during the procedure to minimize these risks.
  8. Psychological and Emotional Effects: It’s important to be aware that undergoing FTM top surgery can have psychological and emotional effects. While many individuals experience positive outcomes and increased gender affirmation, it’s essential to have realistic expectations and be prepared for potential emotional adjustments during the recovery process.

It’s important to remember that while these risks and complications are possible, they are relatively rare. Choosing a skilled and experienced surgeon, following pre-operative and post-operative instructions diligently, and maintaining open communication with your surgical team can help minimize these risks and maximize the chances of a successful outcome. Your surgeon will provide you with detailed information about the specific risks and complications associated with FTM top surgery based on your individual circumstances.