Clitoroplasty, like any surgical procedure, carries potential risks and complications. It is essential for individuals considering clitoroplasty to be aware of these risks and discuss them thoroughly with their surgeon before making a decision. Some potential risks and complications of clitoroplasty include:

  1. Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during or after the surgery is a possible complication that may require medical intervention.
  2. Infection: Infections at the surgical site can occur, and they may need to be treated with antibiotics.
  3. Scarring: Scarring is a natural part of the healing process after surgery, but excessive scarring could affect the final aesthetic appearance.
  4. Nerve Damage: The clitoris is a sensitive organ with numerous nerve endings. Surgical manipulation carries the risk of nerve damage, which may result in altered sensation.
  5. Reduced Sensation: While the goal of clitoroplasty is to preserve sensitivity, there is a possibility of decreased clitoral sensation.
  6. Hematoma: A hematoma is a collection of blood under the skin, which can cause swelling and discomfort.
  7. Anesthesia Risks: General anesthesia comes with inherent risks, such as adverse reactions, respiratory issues, and allergic reactions.
  8. Urinary Complications: There is a possibility of temporary or permanent urinary issues, such as difficulty urinating or urinary retention.
  9. Sexual Function: Changes in sexual function, including arousal, orgasm, or lubrication, may occur following clitoroplasty.
  10. Aesthetic Dissatisfaction: While the surgeon aims to create the desired aesthetic appearance, individual perceptions of the surgical outcome may vary.
  11. Wound Dehiscence: In some cases, the surgical wound may reopen after closure.
  12. Blood Clots: Blood clots may form in the legs (deep vein thrombosis) or travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism) after surgery, though this is rare.
  13. Psychological Impact: As with any major surgery, individuals may experience emotional and psychological effects related to the surgical process and the results.

It’s important to remember that the risk of complications can vary depending on individual health factors, surgical technique, and the surgeon’s experience. Qualified and experienced surgeons take steps to minimize risks and ensure the best possible outcomes for their patients.

Before undergoing clitoroplasty or any gender-affirming surgery, individuals should have a thorough pre-operative evaluation and counseling by qualified healthcare providers. This process involves discussing the potential risks, benefits, and expected outcomes to make an informed decision that aligns with the individual’s health needs and gender-affirming goals.