As with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications associated with vaginectomy. These include:

  • Excessive bleeding. This is a relatively common complication of vaginectomy, and it can lead to the need for blood transfusions.
  • Infection. The surgical site is at risk of infection, which can be serious if it is not treated promptly.
  • Problems with defecating (pooping) or leaking stool. This can be a complication of vaginectomy, especially if the surgery is performed near the rectum.
  • Vaginal fistula. This is a hole that can form between the vagina and other internal organs, such as the bladder or rectum. This can cause problems with urination or defecation.
  • Urinary retention. This is a condition in which the bladder is unable to empty completely. It can be a temporary complication of vaginectomy, but it can also be a more serious problem.

Other potential risks and complications of vaginectomy include:

  • Nerve damage. This can lead to numbness or tingling in the area around the vagina.
  • Scarring. The surgical scar may be visible and may cause some discomfort.
  • Pain. Pain is a common side effect of vaginectomy, and it can last for several weeks or months.

Like any surgical procedure, a vaginectomy carries potential risks and complications. It’s important to discuss these risks with your surgeon before undergoing the surgery. Here are some potential risks and complications associated with a vaginectomy:

  1. Bleeding and Hematoma: Excessive bleeding during or after the surgery can occur. In some cases, a collection of blood (hematoma) may form and require drainage.
  2. Infection: There is a risk of developing an infection at the surgical site. This can be minimized by following proper wound care instructions and receiving appropriate antibiotic treatment.
  3. Poor Wound Healing: The surgical incision may heal slowly or not heal properly, which can lead to wound dehiscence (opening of the wound) or delayed wound healing. This can increase the risk of infection or require additional interventions for wound management.
  4. Nerve Damage: The surgical procedure may potentially damage nerves in the surrounding area, leading to temporary or permanent changes in sensation. This can affect the sensitivity or sensation in the genital region.
  5. Scarring: Scar formation is a normal part of the healing process after surgery. The extent and appearance of scarring can vary among individuals. Proper wound care and following your surgeon’s instructions can help minimize excessive scarring.
  6. Urinary Complications: There is a small risk of developing urinary complications such as urinary retention or urinary tract infection. These can be managed with appropriate medical interventions.
  7. Sexual Function Changes: Vaginectomy can affect sexual function and sensation. Some individuals may experience changes in sexual pleasure or sensitivity. Discussing your expectations and concerns with your surgeon can help manage expectations and address any potential changes.
  8. Anesthesia Risks: Anesthesia carries its own risks, including allergic reactions, adverse reactions to medications, or complications related to the administration of anesthesia. These risks are generally low but can be discussed with your anesthesia provider.

It’s important to note that these potential risks and complications are general considerations and may not be applicable to every individual. Your surgeon will discuss these risks in detail during your consultation and provide personalized information based on your medical history, individual circumstances, and the specifics of your surgery.

Remember to communicate openly with your surgeon, follow their pre- and post-operative instructions carefully, attend scheduled follow-up appointments, and seek medical advice if you experience any concerning symptoms during your recovery. These measures will help minimize the risk of complications and promote a safe and successful surgical outcome.