Here are some of the types of FTM surgery:
⦁ Top surgery (also known as chest masculinization surgery) is the most common type of surgery for transgender men. It involves the removal of breast tissue and the creation of a more masculine-appearing chest. There are two main types of top surgery:
⦁ Double incision surgery is the most common type of top surgery. It involves making two incisions around the areolas and a vertical incision down the center of the chest.
⦁ Keyhole surgery is a newer type of top surgery that involves making smaller incisions around the areolas. This type of surgery is not suitable for everyone, but it can be a good option for people who want a less visible scar.
⦁ Metoidioplasty is a type of surgery that involves the enlargement of the clitoris to create a phallus. This type of surgery is not as common as phalloplasty, but it is a good option for people who want a more natural-looking penis.
⦁ Phalloplasty is a type of surgery that involves the creation of a penis from tissue taken from another part of the body, such as the arm or leg. This type of surgery is more complex than metoidioplasty, but it can create a penis that is more similar to a cis man’s penis.
⦁ Vaginectomy is a type of surgery that involves the removal of the vagina. This type of surgery is often performed in conjunction with other types of FTM surgery, such as top surgery or phalloplasty.
⦁ Hysterectomy is a type of surgery that involves the removal of the uterus. This type of surgery is often performed in conjunction with other types of FTM surgery, such as top surgery or phalloplasty.
It is important to note that not all transgender men choose to undergo surgery. Some people may feel that their gender identity is congruent with their physical sex, even if they do not identify with the gender roles associated with that sex. Others may choose to medically transition, but not all transsexual people have the same goals or experiences.
The decision of whether or not to have surgery is a personal one. There is no right or wrong answer, and the best way to proceed is to listen to your own needs and desires.
Female-to-male (FTM) surgery, also known as gender confirmation surgery or gender-affirming surgery, encompasses a range of surgical procedures aimed at aligning a person’s physical characteristics with their male gender identity. The specific surgeries chosen can vary depending on individual goals, needs, and medical suitability.
Here are some common FTM surgical procedures:
⦁ Chest Surgery (Top Surgery): One of the most common procedures for FTM individuals is chest surgery, also known as “top surgery.” It involves the removal of breast tissue to create a more masculine chest contour. There are different techniques available, including double incision mastectomy, periareolar mastectomy, and keyhole surgery, depending on factors such as breast size, skin elasticity, and desired outcomes.
⦁ Genital Reconstruction Surgery: Genital reconstruction surgery, also referred to as phalloplasty or metoidioplasty, is an option for individuals seeking to create male genitalia. The specific procedure chosen will depend on individual preferences, goals, and factors such as genital anatomy. Phalloplasty involves the construction of a neophallus using various techniques, which may include grafting tissue from other parts of the body. Metoidioplasty involves releasing the clitoral hood and extending the urethra.
⦁ Hysterectomy and Oophorectomy: Some FTM individuals may choose to undergo a hysterectomy, which involves the removal of the uterus, and an oophorectomy, which involves the removal of the ovaries. These procedures may be performed to alleviate dysphoria, reduce the risk of reproductive health issues, and potentially discontinue hormone therapy.
⦁ Voice Masculinization Surgery: Voice masculinization surgery is an option for individuals seeking to lower the pitch of their voice. The specific techniques used can vary and may involve altering the vocal folds or the surrounding structures to achieve a deeper voice.
⦁ Facial Masculinization Surgery (FMS): Facial masculinization surgery may be considered by some individuals to modify facial features and create a more masculine appearance. Procedures can include forehead contouring, nose reshaping (rhinoplasty), jaw and chin contouring, and facial implants.
It’s important to note that FTM surgeries are complex procedures and should be performed by qualified surgeons who specialize in transgender healthcare. The specific surgical plan should be determined in consultation with the surgeon based on individual circumstances and medical suitability. Each person’s needs and goals may differ, and a comprehensive evaluation and discussion with a surgeon specializing in transgender healthcare is crucial to determine the most appropriate surgical plan.