There are a number of surgical procedures that can be performed to transition from female to male (FTM). These procedures can be divided into two main categories: top surgery and bottom surgery.
⦁ Top surgery: Top surgery is a surgical procedure that is used to remove breast tissue and create a more masculine chest. The most common type of top surgery for FTM people is called a mastectomy. A mastectomy can be performed in a number of different ways, but the most common way is to remove the breast tissue through an incision under the breast.

⦁ Bottom surgery: Bottom surgery is a surgical procedure that is used to create a penis and scrotum. There are a number of different types of bottom surgery for FTM people, but the most common type is called phalloplasty. Phalloplasty is a complex surgery that can involve the use of tissue from the arm, leg, or abdomen to create a penis.

In addition to top surgery and bottom surgery, there are a number of other surgical procedures that can be performed as part of an FTM transition. These procedures can include:
⦁ Hormone therapy: Hormone therapy is a medical treatment that is used to feminize the body. Hormone therapy for FTM people typically involves taking testosterone. Testosterone can help to deepen the voice, increase muscle mass, and promote hair growth.

⦁ Voice therapy: Voice therapy is a type of therapy that can be used to change the pitch and resonance of the voice. Voice therapy for FTM people can help to make the voice sound more masculine.

⦁ Facial feminization surgery: Facial feminization surgery is a surgical procedure that is used to feminize the face. Facial feminization surgery for FTM people can include procedures such as rhinoplasty, chin augmentation, and brow bone reduction.

The decision of whether or not to have surgery as part of an FTM transition is a personal one. There is no right or wrong answer, and the best decision for one person may not be the best decision for another person. It is important to talk to a doctor or surgeon about the risks and benefits of surgery before making a decision.

Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:
⦁ The Trevor Project: A national organization that provides crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to LGBTQ youth.
⦁ GLAAD: An organization that works to promote acceptance of LGBTQ people.
⦁ Trans Lifeline: A hotline that provides support to transgender people in crisis.

Female-to-male (FTM) transsexual operation, also known as gender confirmation surgery or male chest reconstruction, involves a series of surgical procedures to align an individual’s physical appearance with their male gender identity. The specific procedures chosen may vary depending on the individual’s goals, preferences, and overall health.

Here are some common surgical options:
⦁ Chest Masculinization (Top Surgery): This procedure involves the removal of breast tissue and reshaping the chest to create a more masculine contour. There are different techniques used, including double incision, periareolar, or keyhole, depending on the individual’s chest size and desired outcome.
⦁ Metoidioplasty: Metoidioplasty is a surgical procedure that involves releasing the clitoral hood and extending the urethra to create a standing urination capability. The procedure also allows for potential placement of a testicular prosthesis and scrotoplasty.
⦁ Phalloplasty: Phalloplasty is a more complex surgical procedure that involves creating a neophallus using various techniques, such as using a forearm flap, thigh flap, or abdominal flap. The procedure can include urethral lengthening, placement of erectile implants, and creation of a scrotum with testicular implants.
⦁ Hysterectomy and Oophorectomy: Some individuals may choose to undergo removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) and ovaries (oophorectomy) as part of their transition. This is typically done to align the individual’s body with their male gender identity and may also have medical benefits.
It’s important to note that the decision to pursue any surgical procedures as part of gender transition is deeply personal. It is recommended to consult with experienced surgeons who specialize in transgender healthcare to discuss the available options, potential risks, expected outcomes, and post-operative care. These professionals can evaluate your unique situation and help guide you through the process, ensuring that you make informed decisions that align with your individual goals and overall health.