Sex reassignment surgery, also known as gender confirmation surgery or gender-affirming surgery, is a medical procedure that some transgender individuals may choose as part of their transition process. The specific procedures involved in sex reassignment surgery can vary depending on an individual’s assigned sex at birth and their gender identity.

For individuals assigned male at birth but who identify as female (MTF), the most common surgical procedure is vaginoplasty. Vaginoplasty involves creating a neovagina using existing genital tissue, such as the penile skin or other donor tissue, and reconstructing the external genitalia to resemble female anatomy. The procedure typically includes steps such as clitoroplasty (creating a clitoral hood), labiaplasty (constructing the labia), and vaginal canal creation.

For individuals assigned female at birth but who identify as male (FTM), the most common surgical procedure is phalloplasty or metoidioplasty. Phalloplasty involves creating a neophallus (new penis) using tissue grafts from other parts of the body, such as the forearm or thigh. Metoidioplasty involves releasing and enhancing the clitoral tissue to create a larger phallus. Both procedures may also involve urethral lengthening to allow for urination through the neophallus, scrotoplasty to create a scrotum, and potentially, erectile implants for sexual function.

It’s important to note that sex reassignment surgery is a significant and irreversible step in a person’s transition journey. It requires thorough evaluation, discussion, and planning with qualified surgeons who specialize in transgender healthcare. These surgeons can provide detailed information about the specific procedures, risks, benefits, potential complications, and expected outcomes based on an individual’s unique circumstances.

Furthermore, it’s crucial to work with a multidisciplinary healthcare team that includes mental health professionals and transgender healthcare specialists to ensure comprehensive care and support throughout the transition process, including both the preoperative and postoperative stages.

If you are considering sex reassignment surgery, I encourage you to seek out experienced surgeons who have a proven track record in performing these procedures, as their expertise greatly influences the overall results and satisfaction. Additionally, consulting with a healthcare professional knowledgeable in transgender healthcare can provide you with personalized guidance and support throughout your journey.