There are two main types of surgery that can be used to stop a person from getting pregnant:
- Tubal ligation: This surgery involves cutting, tying, or blocking the fallopian tubes, which are the tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.
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Tubal ligation surgery
- Vasectomy: This surgery involves cutting, tying, or blocking the vas deferens, which are the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the penis.
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Both tubal ligation and vasectomy are considered to be permanent forms of birth control. However, there is a very small chance that pregnancy can still occur after either surgery.
Tubal ligation is usually performed laparoscopically, which means that the surgeon makes small incisions in the abdomen and inserts a thin, lighted tube called a laparoscope. The surgeon then uses the laparoscope to view the fallopian tubes and perform the surgery.
Vasectomy is usually performed in the doctor’s office. The surgeon numbs the area around the testicles and then makes a small incision in the scrotum. The vas deferens is then cut, tied, or blocked.
Both tubal ligation and vasectomy are typically done on an outpatient basis, which means that you can go home the same day. You may experience some pain and swelling after surgery, but this usually goes away within a few days.
If you are considering surgery to stop getting pregnant, it is important to talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of each procedure. You should also make sure that you are sure that you do not want to have children in the future.
If you are looking for a surgical method to prevent pregnancy permanently, one option is sterilization surgery. There are different types of sterilization procedures available for people assigned female at birth:
- Tubal ligation: Also known as “getting your tubes tied,” this procedure involves blocking, sealing, or cutting the fallopian tubes to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus. It is typically performed under general anesthesia.
- Bilateral salpingectomy: This procedure involves the complete removal of both fallopian tubes. It is a more permanent form of sterilization and may also reduce the risk of certain types of ovarian cancer.
- Hysterectomy: A hysterectomy involves the removal of the uterus. Depending on the specific type of hysterectomy, it may also involve the removal of the cervix and/or ovaries. It is considered a more invasive procedure and is usually reserved for cases where there are specific medical indications beyond contraception.
It’s important to note that sterilization procedures are considered permanent and should be approached as a long-term contraceptive solution. Before opting for sterilization, it’s recommended to thoroughly discuss your options, concerns, and long-term contraceptive needs with a healthcare provider. They can provide you with detailed information about the procedure, potential risks and benefits, and help you make an informed decision based on your individual circumstances.
It’s also worth noting that there are other effective methods of contraception available, both surgical and non-surgical, that provide reversible contraception. These include intrauterine devices (IUDs), hormonal implants, birth control pills, patches, injections, and barrier methods such as condoms. Discussing your options with a healthcare provider can help you find the most suitable method for your needs.