The procedure to prevent pregnancy is called sterilization, and it can be performed on both males and females. In females, it’s typically referred to as tubal ligation or sometimes as “getting your tubes tied.” In males, the procedure is called a vasectomy.
Tubal Ligation: This procedure involves closing or blocking the fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. By blocking these tubes, sperm cannot reach the egg to fertilize it, preventing pregnancy. There are different ways to perform a tubal ligation, including clipping or banding the tubes, or removing a section of the tubes. It’s usually done through a minimally invasive surgical procedure.
Vasectomy: This is a surgical procedure for male sterilization or permanent contraception. During the procedure, the vasa deferentia, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra, are cut, tied, or otherwise sealed. This prevents sperm from reaching the semen that is ejaculated from the penis. It is usually a simple procedure that can be done under local anesthesia.
Both of these procedures are considered permanent methods of birth control. While reversals are sometimes possible, they are not always successful, so these procedures should be considered irreversible. If you’re considering getting sterilized, it’s important to be absolutely sure that you do not want the ability to conceive a child in the future.
These procedures do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You would still need to use condoms to reduce the risk of STIs.
As with any medical procedure, there are potential risks and complications, so it’s important to have a thorough discussion with your healthcare provider about these factors.
As always, this information is based on my last training data up until September 2021, and the procedures might have been updated or changed since then. Always consult with healthcare professionals to get the most recent and relevant information.