Surgeries for transgender men, also known as female-to-male (FTM) transgender individuals, can help align their physical appearance with their gender identity. The specific surgeries chosen can vary based on individual preferences and goals. Here are some common surgeries that trans men may consider:
- Top Surgery (Chest Reconstruction): This surgery involves the removal of breast tissue to create a more masculine chest contour. It can be done through procedures such as double incision mastectomy, periareolar mastectomy, or keyhole mastectomy.
- Hysterectomy and Oophorectomy: Some trans men may opt for the removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) and ovaries (oophorectomy) to alleviate gender dysphoria and reduce the need for reproductive health care.
- Metoidioplasty: This surgery involves releasing and enhancing the clitoral structure to create a small phallus. It may also involve scrotoplasty to create a scrotum.
- Phalloplasty: Phalloplasty is a complex procedure that involves constructing a phallus using various techniques. It may involve using grafts of skin, nerves, and blood vessels from different parts of the body, such as the forearm, thigh, or back. Multiple stages may be required to complete the process.
- Testicular Implants: Some trans men may choose to have testicular implants placed in the scrotum to enhance their masculine appearance and provide a more natural feel.
- Voice Masculinization Surgery: While not a surgical procedure, voice masculinization techniques such as vocal training or surgical interventions like vocal fold surgery can help trans men achieve a deeper and more masculine voice.
It’s important to consult with experienced healthcare professionals who specialize in transgender healthcare, including plastic surgeons, urologists, and endocrinologists. They can assess your specific needs, discuss the available options, and create a personalized treatment plan tailored to your goals and overall health.