Purushangam operation is a type of vaginoplasty, a surgery that creates a vagina for transgender women. The name purushangam is derived from the Sanskrit word for penis. The surgery is typically performed by a plastic surgeon or urogynecologist.

The purushangam operation involves creating a vaginal canal by using the patient’s own tissue. The tissue is typically taken from the scrotum, labia minora, or the lining of the mouth. The surgeon then stitches the tissue together to create a canal that is similar in size and shape to a natural vagina.

The purushangam operation is a complex surgery that typically takes several hours to complete. It is important to note that the surgery does not create a fully functional vagina. The patient will not be able to menstruate or have children naturally. However, the surgery can help transgender women to feel more comfortable in their bodies and to live more fulfilling lives.

The recovery time for the purushangam operation is typically 4-6 weeks. During the recovery period, the patient will need to wear a vaginal dilation device to help keep the canal open. The patient will also need to avoid strenuous activity and sexual intercourse.

The purushangam operation is a safe and effective procedure, but it is important to do your research and choose a qualified surgeon. You should also talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of the surgery before making a decision.

Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:

  • The World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH): https://www.wpath.org/

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World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) logo

  • The Human Rights Campaign: https://www.hrc.org/

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Human Rights Campaign logo

  • The National Center for Transgender Equality: https://transequality.org/

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National Center for Transgender Equality logo

what happens in a transgender surgery

Transgender surgery, also known as gender confirmation surgery or gender reassignment surgery, refers to a variety of surgical procedures that are available for transgender individuals who desire to align their physical body with their gender identity. The specific surgeries performed can vary depending on the individual’s gender identity and goals of transition (male to female or female to male). Here are some commonly performed transgender surgeries:

  1. Male-to-Female (MTF) Surgery:
    • Vaginoplasty: This is the surgical creation of a neovagina. It involves removing the penis and reshaping the existing tissue to form the vaginal canal. The surgeon may also create a clitoral hood and position the urethral opening.
    • Breast Augmentation: This surgery involves the placement of breast implants to enhance breast size and shape.
    • Facial Feminization Surgery: This surgery may include procedures such as forehead contouring, rhinoplasty (nose reshaping), jawline reshaping, and others to feminize facial features.
    • Tracheal Shave: This procedure reduces the prominence of the Adam’s apple, creating a more feminine appearance.
  2. Female-to-Male (FTM) Surgery:
    • Chest Reconstruction: Also known as “top surgery,” this procedure involves the removal of breast tissue and contouring the chest to create a masculine appearance. It can involve breast reduction or complete mastectomy.
    • Phalloplasty or Metoidioplasty: These are surgical options for constructing a neophallus (penis). Phalloplasty involves using grafts of skin, tissue, or implants to create a penis, while metoidioplasty works with existing genital tissue to enhance its size and functionality.
    • Hysterectomy and Salpingo-Oophorectomy: These procedures involve the removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

It’s important to note that not all transgender individuals pursue surgical options, and each person’s transition journey is unique. Prior to undergoing any surgery, individuals typically go through a comprehensive assessment process, including counseling, medical evaluations, and obtaining appropriate clearances from healthcare professionals.

It is recommended that individuals considering transgender surgery consult with experienced healthcare professionals who specialize in transgender healthcare to explore their options, discuss potential risks and benefits, and make informed decisions based on their individual needs and goals.