Penile enlargement surgery, also known as phalloplasty, can refer to procedures to enhance the length or girth of the penis. These procedures are distinct from those used for gender confirmation surgery in transgender men. Men seek penile enlargement for various reasons, often rooted in personal or societal perceptions of ideal penis size. Here’s a brief overview of the procedures:

  1. Penile Lengthening: This involves cutting the ligament that attaches the penis to the pubic bone, allowing more of the penile shaft to extend outside the body. This procedure can result in a modest increase in visible penis length, but it doesn’t lengthen the erect penis. A potential downside is that the penis may point downward when erect post-surgery.
  2. Penile Widening: There are several techniques to increase the girth of the penis:
    • Fat Transfer: Fat is liposuctioned from another part of the body and injected into the penile shaft. Over time, the body may reabsorb some of the fat, and repeated procedures may be needed.
    • Dermal Fillers: Similar to treatments used in facial aesthetic procedures, dermal fillers can be injected to increase the girth of the penis.
    • Allografts: Tissue derived from cadavers or animals can be used as grafts to increase penile girth.
    • Tissue flaps: Tissue taken from the patient’s own body (often the groin or buttocks) is used to enhance the girth.
  3. Penile Implants: Used primarily for men with erectile dysfunction, these can have a secondary effect of increasing the length or girth of the penis. The most common types are inflatable implants and semi-rigid rods.
  4. Penis Pumps: While not a surgical intervention, vacuum devices can be used to draw blood into the penis, temporarily enhancing its size. Over time, regular use may lead to a slight permanent increase in size.

Considerations and Risks:

  • Effectiveness: The outcomes can vary, and not all men achieve the desired results. Some procedures, like fat transfers, may need to be repeated.
  • Complications: As with any surgery, there are potential risks, such as infection, bleeding, scarring, and dissatisfaction with results. Specific to this type of surgery, there’s also the risk of decreased penis sensation or function, asymmetry, or lumps from fat or fillers.
  • Cost: These procedures can be expensive, and because they’re often considered cosmetic, many insurance providers do not cover them.
  • Postoperative Recovery: Recovery can include swelling, pain, and a period of sexual abstinence. Following surgeon’s post-operative instructions is crucial.
  • Mental Health: It’s essential to consider the psychological aspects of penile enlargement. While some men achieve increased self-confidence, others may still be dissatisfied even with increased size.

Anyone considering penile enlargement surgery should consult with a qualified urologist or plastic surgeon experienced in these procedures. A mental health consultation may also be beneficial to ensure the decision is based on well-understood motivations and expectations.