Gender reassignment surgery (GRS) is a major surgery, and like any major surgery, it carries some risks. These risks can include:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Scarring
  • Nerve damage
  • Incontinence
  • Pain
  • Complications from anesthesia

However, the risks of GRS are generally low, and the benefits can be significant for many people. A 2016 study published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery found that 99.7% of trans people who had undergone GRS experienced a degree of satisfaction with the outcome. The study also found that GRS was associated with a decrease in psychological distress and suicidal ideation.

It is important to note that GRS is not a cure for gender dysphoria. However, it can be a very effective treatment for people who experience significant distress due to their gender identity. If you are considering GRS, it is important to talk to a doctor or mental health professional to discuss the risks and benefits of the surgery.

Here are some resources that you may find helpful:

  • The World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH):
  • The Trevor Project:
  • Trans Lifeline:
  • GLAAD:

thumb upthumb down


Google it

more vert

Like any surgical procedure, gender reassignment surgery (also known as gender confirmation surgery or gender-affirming surgery) carries certain risks and potential complications. However, with advancements in surgical techniques and improvements in post-operative care, the risks associated with these procedures have been significantly reduced.

Gender reassignment surgeries are typically considered safe when performed by qualified and experienced surgeons who specialize in transgender healthcare. These surgeons have the necessary expertise to minimize risks and ensure optimal outcomes.

Common risks and complications associated with gender reassignment surgery can include:

  1. Surgical complications: These may include infection, bleeding, adverse reactions to anesthesia, blood clots, or issues related to wound healing.
  2. Scarring: Surgical procedures can result in visible scars. Surgeons make efforts to place incisions in inconspicuous areas and minimize scarring, but individual healing processes can vary.
  3. Pain and discomfort: Surgery can cause temporary pain and discomfort during the recovery period, which varies depending on the specific procedure performed.
  4. Unsatisfactory aesthetic results: While surgeons strive to achieve the desired aesthetic outcomes, individual expectations and variations in anatomy can affect the final results.
  5. Functional complications: Some procedures, such as genital reconstruction surgery, may carry risks related to urinary or sexual function, although these complications are relatively rare with experienced surgeons.

It’s important to have a thorough discussion with a qualified healthcare provider specializing in transgender healthcare to understand the specific risks and potential complications associated with the chosen procedures. They can provide personalized guidance, discuss any pre-existing health conditions or concerns, and ensure that the individual is well-informed about the potential benefits and risks of gender reassignment surgery.

Preoperative assessments, comprehensive post-operative care, and adherence to the surgeon’s instructions can help minimize risks and support a smoother recovery. Regular follow-up appointments with the surgical team are also essential for monitoring progress and addressing any concerns or complications that may arise.

Ultimately, the decision to undergo gender reassignment surgery is a deeply personal one, and individuals should carefully weigh the potential risks against the potential benefits and align their choices with their personal goals and well-being.