When a person assigned female at birth (AFAB) takes male hormones as part of their transition, it is usually referred to as masculinizing hormone therapy or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for female-to-male (FTM) transition. This medical intervention helps induce secondary sex characteristics typically associated with males.

Here are some key points about masculinizing hormone therapy:
⦁ Testosterone: The primary hormone used for masculinizing HRT is testosterone. Testosterone can be administered in various forms, including injections, gels, patches, or implants. It helps induce physical changes such as increased facial and body hair growth, deepening of the voice, muscle development, and changes in fat distribution.
⦁ Effects and timeline: The effects of masculinizing hormones vary from person to person and depend on factors such as genetics, age, and dosage. Changes typically occur gradually over several months to years. Some individuals may experience increased energy levels, acne, changes in body odor, and changes in libido. The extent of physical changes may vary, and not all changes are reversible.
⦁ Health monitoring: Regular monitoring of hormone levels and overall health is essential during masculinizing HRT. This includes blood tests to assess hormone levels, liver function, and lipid profiles. It is important to work with a healthcare provider experienced in transgender healthcare to ensure proper monitoring and dosage adjustments.
⦁ Potential side effects: Masculinizing HRT can have side effects, including acne, increased body hair growth, hair loss (in those genetically predisposed to male-pattern baldness), changes in cholesterol levels, and potential impact on fertility. It is crucial to discuss these potential effects with a healthcare provider and weigh the benefits and risks.
⦁ Emotional and psychological changes: Some individuals may experience changes in mood, emotional well-being, and increased libido as a result of hormonal changes. These effects can vary from person to person and should be discussed with a healthcare provider if they become a concern.

It’s important to note that hormone therapy is just one aspect of transition, and individuals may also consider other steps such as social transition, voice training, and, in some cases, gender-affirming surgeries. Working with knowledgeable healthcare professionals experienced in transgender healthcare is crucial to ensure a safe and effective hormone therapy regimen.