Facial masculinization surgery (FMS) is a set of plastic surgery procedures that can transform the patient’s face to exhibit typical masculine morphology. Cisgender men may elect to undergo these procedures, and in the context of transgender people, FMS is a type of facial gender confirmation surgery (FGCS), which also includes facial feminization surgery (FFS) for transgender women. FMS can include various bony procedures such as chin augmentation, cheek augmentation, as well as augmentation of the forehead, jaw, and Adam’s apple.
Some of the most common procedures involved in FMS include:
- Chin augmentation: This procedure can be used to make the chin larger and more prominent, which can give the face a more masculine appearance.
- Cheek augmentation: This procedure can be used to add volume to the cheeks, which can help to create a more angular and masculine face shape.
- Forehead augmentation: This procedure can be used to make the forehead larger and more angular, which can give the face a more masculine appearance.
- Rhinoplasty: This procedure can be used to reshape the nose, making it larger and more angular.
- Jaw contouring: This procedure can be used to change the shape of the jawline, making it more square and masculine.
- Adam’s apple augmentation: This procedure can be used to make the Adam’s apple more prominent, which can give the face a more masculine appearance.
The cost of FMS can vary depending on the procedures that are performed, the surgeon’s fees, and the location of the surgery. In general, FMS can cost anywhere from $1,000 to $20,000.
The recovery time for FMS varies depending on the procedures that are performed. However, most patients can expect to be back to their normal activities within 2-4 weeks.
FMS is a safe and effective procedure that can help transgender men and cisgender men achieve a more masculine appearance. However, it is important to note that FMS is not a cure for gender dysphoria. If you are considering FMS, it is important to talk to a qualified surgeon and to make sure that you are emotionally prepared for the procedure.
Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:
- American Society of Plastic Surgeons: https://www.plasticsurgery.org/reconstructive-procedures/facial-masculinization-surgery
- International Center for Transgender Care: https://thetranscenter.com/transmen/facial-masculinization-surgery-fms/
- Cleveland Clinic: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/treatments/21713-facial-masculinization-surgery
- wikipedia.org/wiki/Facial masculinization surgery
Face masculinization surgery, also known as facial masculinization surgery (FMS), is a set of surgical procedures aimed at creating a more masculine appearance in individuals assigned female at birth who are transitioning to a male or non-binary gender identity. FMS is often sought by transgender men or individuals who wish to have more masculine facial features. The specific procedures involved in FMS can vary depending on the individual’s desired outcomes, but here are some common techniques:
- Facial Contouring: This procedure involves modifying the underlying bone structure of the face to create a more angular and masculine appearance. Techniques such as cheek augmentation or reduction, chin augmentation, and jaw contouring may be performed to enhance facial definition.
- Rhinoplasty: A rhinoplasty, or nose reshaping surgery, may be performed to masculinize the appearance of the nose. This can involve reducing the size, reshaping the tip, or modifying the bridge of the nose to achieve a more masculine aesthetic.
- Adam’s Apple Enhancement: An Adam’s apple enhancement, also known as tracheal shave or chondrolaryngoplasty, is a procedure to reduce the prominence of the Adam’s apple or to create a more defined Adam’s apple in individuals who desire a more masculine neck appearance.
- Liposuction: Liposuction may be used to remove excess fat deposits in areas such as the cheeks or neck to create a more chiseled and masculine facial contour.
- Facial Hair Transplant: For individuals desiring facial hair, hair follicles can be transplanted from the donor area (usually the back of the scalp) to the desired areas of the face, such as the beard and mustache region.
It’s important to consult with a qualified and experienced plastic surgeon who specializes in facial masculinization surgery to discuss your specific goals, potential risks, and expected outcomes. The surgical plan will be tailored to your individual needs and preferences. Pre-operative assessments, including facial analysis and imaging, will be performed to create a personalized surgical plan.