The Islamic perspective on changing gender is complex and varies depending on the interpretation of Islamic scholars. Some scholars believe that it is permissible for transgender people to transition, while others believe that it is forbidden.
One of the main arguments against changing gender in Islam is based on the belief that God created humans as male and female. This belief is supported by a verse in the Quran that says, “And I created you male and female.” (Quran 4:1)
Another argument against changing gender is based on the belief that it is a form of deception. This belief is supported by a verse in the Quran that says, “And do not deceive one another about your rights.” (Quran 2:188)
However, some scholars argue that it is permissible for transgender people to transition if they are experiencing gender dysphoria, which is a medical condition that causes a person to feel extreme distress or discomfort with their assigned gender. They argue that transitioning can help transgender people to live more comfortable and fulfilling lives.
In 1988, the Islamic Fiqh Council, an international body of Islamic scholars, issued a fatwa (religious ruling) that stated that it is permissible for transgender people to undergo sex reassignment surgery if they are experiencing gender dysphoria. However, the fatwa also stated that transgender people should not be allowed to marry or have children in their new gender.
In 2009, the Grand Mufti of Egypt, Ali Gomaa, issued a fatwa that stated that it is permissible for transgender people to live as their preferred gender, but that they should not undergo sex reassignment surgery.
The Islamic perspective on changing gender is still evolving, and there is no clear consensus among Islamic scholars. However, it is clear that there is a growing acceptance of transgender people in the Muslim world.
If you are a transgender Muslim, you may want to consult with an Islamic scholar or a mental health professional to discuss your options and to find support. There are also a number of online resources available, such as the website of the Islamic Society for Progressive Muslims.
The topic of changing gender in Islam is a complex and multifaceted issue, and there are different interpretations and viewpoints within the Islamic tradition. Islamic teachings generally emphasize the importance of accepting one’s biological sex and living in accordance with it. However, discussions surrounding gender identity and transgender individuals within an Islamic framework continue to evolve.
Some scholars argue that gender dysphoria, a condition where an individual experiences a disconnect between their assigned sex at birth and their gender identity, should be recognized and treated with compassion. They believe that individuals experiencing gender dysphoria may be allowed to undergo gender-affirming treatments or surgeries, including hormone therapy or gender reassignment surgery, if it is deemed necessary for their well-being and mental health. These scholars argue that the principle of preserving life and alleviating suffering takes precedence in such cases.
On the other hand, there are scholars who maintain that altering one’s gender is not permissible in Islam. They contend that the recognition of transgender identities may conflict with the concept of the natural order and the binary nature of gender established in Islamic teachings. They advocate for psychological and spiritual counseling to help individuals cope with their feelings while adhering to their assigned sex.
It is important to note that views on transgender issues and gender identity within Islam are diverse and can vary among different scholars and communities. Muslims who are exploring questions of gender identity and transitioning may seek guidance from knowledgeable and compassionate scholars who are well-versed in both Islamic teachings and contemporary understandings of gender.
Ultimately, individuals grappling with questions of gender identity and transitioning should consult with experts, seek support from their community, and engage in sincere reflection and prayer as they navigate their personal journey while striving to maintain a balance between their faith and personal well-being.