Yes, FTM individuals can undergo phalloplasty or metoidioplasty. These are two different types of surgery that can be used to create a penis.

  • Phalloplasty: Phalloplasty is a more complex surgery that involves using tissue from another part of the body, such as the arm or leg, to create a penis. This surgery can be more expensive and have a longer recovery time than metoidioplasty.
  • Metoidioplasty: Metoidioplasty is a less complex surgery that involves using the clitoris to create a penis. This surgery is usually less expensive and has a shorter recovery time than phalloplasty.

The best type of surgery for an individual will depend on their individual needs and preferences. Some factors to consider include the desired size and shape of the penis, the amount of tissue available, and the individual’s risk tolerance.

It is important to note that both phalloplasty and metoidioplasty are major surgeries with risks and complications. It is important to talk to a doctor who is experienced in working with transgender people to discuss the risks and benefits of each surgery and to determine which type of surgery is right for you.

Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:

  • The National Center for Transgender Equality:
  • The Human Rights Campaign:
  • The Trevor Project:
  • Trans Lifeline:

Yes, FTM (female-to-male) individuals have the option to undergo phalloplasty or metoidioplasty as part of their transition. These procedures are the main options for genital reconstruction surgery for FTM individuals seeking to align their physical appearance with their gender identity.

Phalloplasty: Phalloplasty is a surgical procedure that aims to construct a neophallus (a reconstructed penis) using various techniques. The procedure involves using tissue grafts, typically from the forearm, thigh, or abdominal region, to create the phallus. Phalloplasty can involve multiple stages, and additional procedures such as urethral lengthening and placement of erectile implants may be performed to enhance function. It is a complex and lengthy procedure with a significant recovery period.

Metoidioplasty: Metoidioplasty is a procedure that utilizes the existing clitoral tissue to create a neophallus. The procedure involves releasing the ligament that restricts clitoral growth due to testosterone hormone therapy, allowing it to extend outward. Metoidioplasty can also include procedures to enhance the appearance and function of the neophallus, such as urethral lengthening and scrotoplasty (construction of a scrotum).

It’s important to note that both phalloplasty and metoidioplasty are major surgical procedures with potential risks and complications. Each procedure has unique considerations, and the decision on which option to pursue depends on various factors, including individual preferences, goals, anatomy, and medical suitability. It is recommended that individuals consult with experienced gender-affirming surgeons who specialize in genital reconstruction surgery for FTM individuals. These surgeons can provide detailed information about the procedures, discuss potential outcomes, and address any questions or concerns.

It’s crucial for individuals to thoroughly research and understand the procedures, including the surgical techniques involved, recovery process, potential complications, and long-term implications, in order to make informed decisions about their desired surgical interventions. Additionally, seeking support from mental health professionals experienced in working with transgender individuals can be beneficial throughout the decision-making process and during the post-operative period.