Breast removal surgery for transgender men, also known as FTM top surgery, is a gender-affirming surgery that removes breast tissue and reshapes the chest to create a more masculine appearance. There are several different surgical techniques that can be used for FTM top surgery, the most common of which are:

⦁ Double incision mastectomy: This is the most common type of FTM top surgery. It involves making two incisions, one under each breast, to access and remove the breast tissue. The nipples are typically removed and reattached to the chest wall in a more masculine position.
⦁ Peri-areolar mastectomy: This technique involves making incisions around the areola, the dark skin surrounding the nipple. The breast tissue is removed through these incisions, and the nipples are typically left in place.
⦁ Keyhole mastectomy: This is the least invasive type of FTM top surgery. It involves making small incisions in the armpits or around the nipples to remove the breast tissue. The nipples are typically left in place.
The risks of FTM top surgery are similar to those of any other major surgery, and include bleeding, infection, and scarring. There is also a risk of losing sensation in the nipples and areolas. The recovery time for FTM top surgery is typically 4-6 weeks.

If you are considering FTM top surgery, it is important to talk to a qualified surgeon about the different surgical techniques and the risks and benefits of each. You should also make sure that you are emotionally prepared for surgery and the recovery process.

Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:
⦁ The Trevor Project:
⦁ Human Rights Campaign:

⦁Breast removal surgery for transgender men, also known as “top surgery” or “chest masculinization surgery,” is a common procedure as part of female-to-male (FTM) transition. The specific procedure is called subcutaneous mastectomy or double incision mastectomy.

⦁ During the surgery, the breast tissue, excess skin, and sometimes the nipple-areola complex are removed to create a more masculine chest contour. The surgeon will typically make incisions along the lower border of the pectoral muscles, allowing for the removal of breast tissue and reshaping of the chest.

⦁ The cost of breast removal surgery for transgender men can vary depending on various factors, including the surgeon’s experience and reputation, geographic location, specific techniques used, and any additional procedures performed. It’s best to consult with qualified plastic surgeons who specialize in transgender healthcare to get accurate cost estimates based on your individual needs.

⦁ It’s important to remember that breast removal surgery is a significant decision, and it’s crucial to consult with experienced healthcare professionals who specialize in transgender healthcare. They can guide you through the process, explain the potential risks and complications, discuss the recovery process, and provide personalized recommendations based on your specific goals and needs.