At the federal level, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on sex, which includes gender identity. This means that FTM individuals cannot be discriminated against in employment, housing, education, or public accommodations.
However, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 does not explicitly mention gender identity. This has led to some legal challenges, as some courts have ruled that the law does not protect transgender people.
In 2020, the Supreme Court ruled in Bostock v. Clayton County that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of sex, also prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. This ruling was a major victory for transgender rights, as it provides federal protection against discrimination in employment for FTM individuals.
In addition to federal law, some states and cities have also passed laws that explicitly prohibit discrimination based on gender identity. These laws provide additional protections for FTM individuals in those jurisdictions.
It is important to note that even if there are legal protections against discrimination based on gender identity, it is still possible to face discrimination. If you believe that you have been discriminated against, you should contact an attorney to discuss your options.
Here are some additional resources that may be helpful:
- The National Center for Transgender Equality: The National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE) has a guide on legal protections for transgender people.
- Trans Lifeline: Trans Lifeline is a 24/7 hotline that provides support and resources to transgender people. They can help you find resources on legal protections for transgender people.
- The Trevor Project: The Trevor Project is a national organization that provides crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to LGBTQ+ youth. They have a list of resources for transgender people, including information on legal protections for transgender people.